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RAGA Journal of Social Inclusion and Educational Advancement is published biannually. The Editorial Board welcomes contributions in all fields of education, social sciences and humanities including technology, as well as economic, social and ethical issues related to the practice of education in a developing country. It is meant to meet the continuing educational needs of academics in various fields of study, which also includes postgraduate students as well as stimulate research and academic pursuit.

Frequency: Biannually

Volume 3 Number 6:

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  • ISSN: 2734-2301
    Frequency: Biannually
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Latest News
Power, Prospects, and Politics of Genderism in a Patriarchal Culture

Professor Matthew M. Umukoro
Department of Theatre Arts University of Ibadan Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria mattmukoro@gmail.com +234 803 405 2655

Downloads: 4
Views: 82

Parental Nurturing and The Girl-Child

Oluwatoyin A. Odeleye Ph.D, Donald A. Odeleye Ph.D.
todeleye@gmail.com +234 803 343 3530, bodeleye@gmail.com +234 806 016 2719

Downloads: 5
Views: 75

Effects of Health Service Delivery and Maternal Health in Rural Nigeria

Mr. Asamu, Dare A., Prof. Adenegan, Kemisola O., Dr. Oladokun, Yetunde O.M. and Mrs Adewusi Oluwatosin A.

Downloads: 2
Views: 81

Knowledge and Perceptions of Accelerated Advancement among Female Teachers in Chivi District of Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe: A Stumbling Block to Gender Equality?

Clemence Dzingirai and Prof Efiritha Chauraya

Downloads: 1
Views: 59

Social Media, University Communication and E-Learning Platforms: A Focus on Educators and Learners' Accessibility during Post-COVID-19 Era, in Nigerian Universities

Dr. Aderinsola Eunice Kayode and Dr. Maria Ekpenyong

Downloads: 0
Views: 57

Participatory Governance: How Nigeria Can Achieve Development through Citizens Participation in Policymaking

CHINASA. U. IMO

Downloads: 5
Views: 77

The Complex Realities from It's a Girl to Infertility in Marriage in Selected Texts

Ifedolapo Oladipo
Department of English and Literary Studies Lead City University Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria oladipo.ifedolapo.lcu.edu.ng

Downloads: 2
Views: 61

The Power of Women Education: A Panacea for Progress and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Akinjide Isaac YUSUF
Department of Arts & Social Science Education Lead City University, PMB 1, Ibadan, Oyo State *e-mail of author - yakinjideisaac@gmail.com +2348034122812

Downloads: 18
Views: 64

Transformative Dialogue: Changing Power Dynamics Through Gender Reconciliation

Konyka Dunson
University of the District of Columbia Ph.D. Student – Urban Leadership and Entrepreneurship kdunson@udc.edu

Downloads: 2
Views: 64

Management Styles and Performance of Workers in Public Service in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Esther, A. Olanrewaju Sanya and Idiat Titilayo Folorunsho

Downloads: 0
Views: 37

All Authors

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 34

RAGA Journal of Social Inclusion and Educational Advancement

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 26

RAGA Journal of Social Inclusion and Educational Advancement 2020/2021

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 24

Social Media as a Correlate of Prostitution Among Senior Secondary School Girls: A Challenge

Toyin Oyedeji
Abstract Social media are characterised as Web 2.0 resources and emphasise active participation, connectivity, collaboration, and sharing of knowledge and ideas among users. Prostitution is the act of engaging in sexual intercourse in exchange for money. It is a common practice found among students all over the world. Some even consider prostitution as the only choice for paying for their education. To ensure reliability and validity of the data collected. Eight senior secondary schools were randomly selected. A sample of 160 Senior Secondary 3 (SS3) students were randomly selected as the sample. The data were obtained by the use of questionnaire and oral interview (from the students in the selected schools). Data were analysed and the result presented with the use of tables and percentages to facilitate simple presentation, interpretation and classification of the data collected. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation as the statistical tool. The hypotheses result tested shows that the calculated r values of all the three hypotheses were close to 1 and hence the null hypotheses H0 were rejected while the alternative hypotheses H1 were accepted. The calculated r values were 0.96, 0.92 and 0.99, respectively. Hence, it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between students’ gender and use of the social media for prostitution among students in senior secondary schools and there is a significant effect of wrong usage of social media. Apart from the frequency of use, most students use social media for wrong purposes such as flirting, through sending of “hot messages, manipulating images and hot videos” and sharing contacts for dating and prostitution. Some recommendations were made. Students of senior secondary schools should be commended for maintaining a regular online presence on social media. The frequent use of social media should not be addictive. The federal and state governments in Nigeria should strengthen their laws against prostitution and other related vices. Word Count: 313 Keywords: Social media, Prostitution, Secondary school girls

Downloads: 0
Views: 25

Equipping Girls for Involvement in Physics and Mathematics for Sustainable Development

Rabia Salihu Sa'id, PhD
Abstract In Nigeria, the road for women who want to pursue an academic degree in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects is lined with obstacles. This is further compounded by the anxiety of girls towards mathematics and physics; two key STEM subjects. In this paper, the reasons for the anxiety and low participation of girls in physics and mathematics are discussed. What can be done to equip girls to be involved in physics and mathematics are also explored. Word Count: 78 Keywords: Equipping girls, Physics, Mathematics, sustainable development

Downloads: 0
Views: 23

Strategies for Gender Sensitive STEM Curriculum for Sustainable Development

Ayotola Aremu, PhD
Abstract This paper is based on the premise that girls are not as many in STEM disciplines and careers as needed, as established by various statistics and researches, as well as anecdotal evidences. It discusses, the nature of the STEM curriculum that will effectively engage girls in STEM-related careers. The process of developing such a curriculum and its learning outcomes are also considered. The paper advocates for the “voices of girls”and those of their parents, among others, as a first step to such curriculum development, which also must be continuous. In addition, the paper advances a STEM curriculum that ensures that girls who do not choose STEM subjects eventually and STEM careers later on in life develop scientific attitudes and science process skills which ultimately result in more women contributing to national development. Word Count: 132 Keywords: STEM, Curriculum, Gender Sensitivity, Sustainable Development Strategies

Downloads: 0
Views: 24

Equipping Girls with Communication and Lateral Thinking Skills for Sustainable Development

Lambert A. Ihebuzor, PhD & Kenneth O. Umezurike
Abstract We live in the world of communication, and communication influences all our actions. Young people, especially young girls learn how to think, feel and judge through the aid of verbal or non-verbal means of communication. The importance of equipping young girls with communication skills that would add value to their lives and help them navigate through the vicissitudes of life cannot be over emphasised. Girls also require the right exposure to the lateral thinking skills that will help them make correct decisions in life. This paper discusses the “hats” of lateral thinking and how they will help (young) girls take important and critical decisions in their lives. Word Count: 106 Keywords: Communication, communication skills, lateral thinking, decision-making,

Downloads: 0
Views: 28

Gender Influence on Misconceptions of Concepts in Geometry Among Senior Secondary School Students in Ogun State, Nigeria

Christiana O. Sam-Kayode, PhD & Esther O. Omosewo PhD
Abstract A bid to address what causes poor achievements in mathematics examinations among secondary school students led to the present study whose main objective was to examine the influence of gender on conceptions of geometry in selected geometrical concepts and sub-concepts among senior secondary schools students in Ogun State, Nigeria. A total of 757 students from 56 co-educational schools in the State participated in the study. A researcher-designed 26-item questionnaire on Geometry Conception Test (GCT) validated by six experts was used for data collection. A reliability index of 0.83 was obtained for the instrument using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The identified misconceptions and alternative conceptions were validated by two university lecturers and two secondary school mathematics teachers. Frequency counts, percentages and Chi-square statistics were employed to analyse the data collected for the study. The finding showed that correct conceptions, misconceptions and alternative conceptions exist among students in learning geometry. Also, the number of students with misconceptions and alternative conceptions were more than those with correct conceptions of geometry in 23 (items) out of the 26 selected concepts of geometry. A significant difference existed in the number of male and female students with correct conceptions, misconceptions and alternative conceptions of geometry, c2 = 8.95, p < 0.05. It was recommended that teachers should give correct conceptions of geometrical concepts using real-life examples from the students' environments and engage both sexes in practical activities that would enable them to discover the correct properties of geometrical shapes. Word Count: 245 Keywords: Conceptions; Geometry; senior secondary school; students' gender

Downloads: 0
Views: 21

Home Factors And Gender Gap In Science, Technology, Engineering And Mathematics (STEM)

Adepeju Aderogba-Oti, PhD & Omowumi Femi-Akinlosotu, BDS; PhD
Abstract Gender gap in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) is a global phenomenon which points at future shortage of human resource (females) in these fields. STEM workforce is crucial to any nation's innovative capacity and global competitiveness but women are vastly underrepresented in STEM degree holders. Studies have affirmed the role parents and teachers play in preferring boys to girls, allowing the former more opportunities to explore and probe, especially in the science subjects. There are many possible factors contributing to the discrepancy of girls and boys in STEM, some of which are lack of female role models, gender stereotyping and less family-friendly flexibility in the STEM fields. However, little has been done in examining the contributory factors in the home during the early years such as parental gender stereotyping in choice of toys, choice of colours and household chores children are exposed to. This study is a melange of literature review of past studies and present studies, observations and a communique from a STEM-related conference. The findings have implications for gendered socialization of boys and girls in the home and across cultures. Stereotypes are also strong in parental interactions of early gendered task assignments in the home, gender labelling of colours gendered toys, which have associated effects on STEM gap in adult years. This study therefore recommends gender neutral parenting without bias between the girl-child and the boy-child. Word Count: 230 Keywords: Gender gap, STEM, home, boy-child, girl-child

Downloads: 0
Views: 22

All Authors

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 34

RAGA Journal of Social Inclusion and Educational Advancement

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 26

RAGA Journal of Social Inclusion and Educational Advancement 2020/2021

All Authors

Downloads: 0
Views: 24

Equipping Teachers for Inclusive Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics Methodologies for Sustainable Development - Karin Brodie

Karin Brodie
Abstract Persistent gender inequalities abound in the teaching and learning of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), particularly, but not only in African countries. While these inequalities stem from broader cultural and social factors, and are not predominantly the result of teaching in schools, teachers can play a strong role in supporting all learners, particularly girls. To perform well in STEM, girls need to develop a passion for STEM subjects and to choose to study STEM and develop STEM careers. It is argued that developing inclusive teaching methodologies is necessary but not sufficient in mathematics classrooms. To develop classrooms where all learners feel supported to succeed in mathematics, STEM requires shifts in teachers' beliefs, practices and dispositions about who can and cannot learn mathematics. This paper outlines some of the persisting gender disparities in mathematics and STEM, it discusses challenges in achievement and affect in mathematics and STEM, and develops the argument that teachers need to strongly believe and communicate that all learners can do mathematics, to high levels. This argument is developed through reflecting on the researcher’s two recent research projects: the first is on helping teachers to work more productively with learner errors in mathematics and, the second, on learners' mathematical identities.

Downloads: 0
Views: 21

Social Media as a Correlate of Prostitution Among Senior Secondary School Girls: A Challenge

Toyin Oyedeji
Abstract Social media are characterised as Web 2.0 resources and emphasise active participation, connectivity, collaboration, and sharing of knowledge and ideas among users. Prostitution is the act of engaging in sexual intercourse in exchange for money. It is a common practice found among students all over the world. Some even consider prostitution as the only choice for paying for their education. To ensure reliability and validity of the data collected. Eight senior secondary schools were randomly selected. A sample of 160 Senior Secondary 3 (SS3) students were randomly selected as the sample. The data were obtained by the use of questionnaire and oral interview (from the students in the selected schools). Data were analysed and the result presented with the use of tables and percentages to facilitate simple presentation, interpretation and classification of the data collected. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation as the statistical tool. The hypotheses result tested shows that the calculated r values of all the three hypotheses were close to 1 and hence the null hypotheses H0 were rejected while the alternative hypotheses H1 were accepted. The calculated r values were 0.96, 0.92 and 0.99, respectively. Hence, it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between students’ gender and use of the social media for prostitution among students in senior secondary schools and there is a significant effect of wrong usage of social media. Apart from the frequency of use, most students use social media for wrong purposes such as flirting, through sending of “hot messages, manipulating images and hot videos” and sharing contacts for dating and prostitution. Some recommendations were made. Students of senior secondary schools should be commended for maintaining a regular online presence on social media. The frequent use of social media should not be addictive. The federal and state governments in Nigeria should strengthen their laws against prostitution and other related vices. Word Count: 313 Keywords: Social media, Prostitution, Secondary school girls

Downloads: 0
Views: 25

Equipping Girls for Involvement in Physics and Mathematics for Sustainable Development

Rabia Salihu Sa'id, PhD
Abstract In Nigeria, the road for women who want to pursue an academic degree in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects is lined with obstacles. This is further compounded by the anxiety of girls towards mathematics and physics; two key STEM subjects. In this paper, the reasons for the anxiety and low participation of girls in physics and mathematics are discussed. What can be done to equip girls to be involved in physics and mathematics are also explored. Word Count: 78 Keywords: Equipping girls, Physics, Mathematics, sustainable development

Downloads: 0
Views: 23

Encouraging Women and Girls in Stem in Nigeria for Sustainable Development (A Keynote Speech)

Jennifer Weitz
Abstract STEM education has taken a role of prominence in many countries, where the leaders are trying to figure out how to appropriately grow the economy and create a sustainable future. With this in mind, one of the most important things that can be done regard to STEM to address many of the United Nations's Sustainability Goals is to provide more assistance to get young people involved who may not have been involved before such as girls. This is particularly true in countries like Nigeria, where there are many young people, where there is opportunity for growth, and where the government seems to understand its role. With this in mind, this speech provides a framework through which one can understand the challenges of STEM education in reference to girls in Nigeria for sustainable development. Word Count: 134 Keywords: STEM Education, Girls, Sustainable Development, Nigeria STEM Education in Nigeria

Downloads: 0
Views: 24

Strategies for Gender Sensitive STEM Curriculum for Sustainable Development

Ayotola Aremu, PhD
Abstract This paper is based on the premise that girls are not as many in STEM disciplines and careers as needed, as established by various statistics and researches, as well as anecdotal evidences. It discusses, the nature of the STEM curriculum that will effectively engage girls in STEM-related careers. The process of developing such a curriculum and its learning outcomes are also considered. The paper advocates for the “voices of girls”and those of their parents, among others, as a first step to such curriculum development, which also must be continuous. In addition, the paper advances a STEM curriculum that ensures that girls who do not choose STEM subjects eventually and STEM careers later on in life develop scientific attitudes and science process skills which ultimately result in more women contributing to national development. Word Count: 132 Keywords: STEM, Curriculum, Gender Sensitivity, Sustainable Development Strategies

Downloads: 0
Views: 24

Equipping Girls with Communication and Lateral Thinking Skills for Sustainable Development

Lambert A. Ihebuzor, PhD & Kenneth O. Umezurike
Abstract We live in the world of communication, and communication influences all our actions. Young people, especially young girls learn how to think, feel and judge through the aid of verbal or non-verbal means of communication. The importance of equipping young girls with communication skills that would add value to their lives and help them navigate through the vicissitudes of life cannot be over emphasised. Girls also require the right exposure to the lateral thinking skills that will help them make correct decisions in life. This paper discusses the “hats” of lateral thinking and how they will help (young) girls take important and critical decisions in their lives. Word Count: 106 Keywords: Communication, communication skills, lateral thinking, decision-making,

Downloads: 0
Views: 28

Gender Influence on Misconceptions of Concepts in Geometry Among Senior Secondary School Students in Ogun State, Nigeria

Christiana O. Sam-Kayode, PhD & Esther O. Omosewo PhD
Abstract A bid to address what causes poor achievements in mathematics examinations among secondary school students led to the present study whose main objective was to examine the influence of gender on conceptions of geometry in selected geometrical concepts and sub-concepts among senior secondary schools students in Ogun State, Nigeria. A total of 757 students from 56 co-educational schools in the State participated in the study. A researcher-designed 26-item questionnaire on Geometry Conception Test (GCT) validated by six experts was used for data collection. A reliability index of 0.83 was obtained for the instrument using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The identified misconceptions and alternative conceptions were validated by two university lecturers and two secondary school mathematics teachers. Frequency counts, percentages and Chi-square statistics were employed to analyse the data collected for the study. The finding showed that correct conceptions, misconceptions and alternative conceptions exist among students in learning geometry. Also, the number of students with misconceptions and alternative conceptions were more than those with correct conceptions of geometry in 23 (items) out of the 26 selected concepts of geometry. A significant difference existed in the number of male and female students with correct conceptions, misconceptions and alternative conceptions of geometry, c2 = 8.95, p < 0.05. It was recommended that teachers should give correct conceptions of geometrical concepts using real-life examples from the students' environments and engage both sexes in practical activities that would enable them to discover the correct properties of geometrical shapes. Word Count: 245 Keywords: Conceptions; Geometry; senior secondary school; students' gender

Downloads: 0
Views: 21

Power, Prospects, and Politics of Genderism in a Patriarchal Culture

Professor Matthew M. Umukoro
Department of Theatre Arts University of Ibadan Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria mattmukoro@gmail.com +234 803 405 2655

Downloads: 4
Views: 82

Effects of Health Service Delivery and Maternal Health in Rural Nigeria

Mr. Asamu, Dare A., Prof. Adenegan, Kemisola O., Dr. Oladokun, Yetunde O.M. and Mrs Adewusi Oluwatosin A.

Downloads: 2
Views: 81

Participatory Governance: How Nigeria Can Achieve Development through Citizens Participation in Policymaking

CHINASA. U. IMO

Downloads: 5
Views: 77

Parental Nurturing and The Girl-Child

Oluwatoyin A. Odeleye Ph.D, Donald A. Odeleye Ph.D.
todeleye@gmail.com +234 803 343 3530, bodeleye@gmail.com +234 806 016 2719

Downloads: 5
Views: 75

The Power of Women Education: A Panacea for Progress and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Akinjide Isaac YUSUF
Department of Arts & Social Science Education Lead City University, PMB 1, Ibadan, Oyo State *e-mail of author - yakinjideisaac@gmail.com +2348034122812

Downloads: 18
Views: 64

Transformative Dialogue: Changing Power Dynamics Through Gender Reconciliation

Konyka Dunson
University of the District of Columbia Ph.D. Student – Urban Leadership and Entrepreneurship kdunson@udc.edu

Downloads: 2
Views: 64

The Complex Realities from It's a Girl to Infertility in Marriage in Selected Texts

Ifedolapo Oladipo
Department of English and Literary Studies Lead City University Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria oladipo.ifedolapo.lcu.edu.ng

Downloads: 2
Views: 61

Knowledge and Perceptions of Accelerated Advancement among Female Teachers in Chivi District of Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe: A Stumbling Block to Gender Equality?

Clemence Dzingirai and Prof Efiritha Chauraya

Downloads: 1
Views: 59

Class Size as Determinant of Junior Secondary School Students’ Motivation towards Learning in Osun Central Senatorial District, Osun State

Christianah O. Sam-Kayode, Ph.D and Christiana A. Adeyemo

Downloads: 0
Views: 58

Social Media, University Communication and E-Learning Platforms: A Focus on Educators and Learners' Accessibility during Post-COVID-19 Era, in Nigerian Universities

Dr. Aderinsola Eunice Kayode and Dr. Maria Ekpenyong

Downloads: 0
Views: 57

The Power of Women Education: A Panacea for Progress and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Akinjide Isaac YUSUF
Department of Arts & Social Science Education Lead City University, PMB 1, Ibadan, Oyo State *e-mail of author - yakinjideisaac@gmail.com +2348034122812

Downloads: 18
Views: 64

Parental Nurturing and The Girl-Child

Oluwatoyin A. Odeleye Ph.D, Donald A. Odeleye Ph.D.
todeleye@gmail.com +234 803 343 3530, bodeleye@gmail.com +234 806 016 2719

Downloads: 5
Views: 75

Participatory Governance: How Nigeria Can Achieve Development through Citizens Participation in Policymaking

CHINASA. U. IMO

Downloads: 5
Views: 77

Power, Prospects, and Politics of Genderism in a Patriarchal Culture

Professor Matthew M. Umukoro
Department of Theatre Arts University of Ibadan Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria mattmukoro@gmail.com +234 803 405 2655

Downloads: 4
Views: 82

Transformative Dialogue: Changing Power Dynamics Through Gender Reconciliation

Konyka Dunson
University of the District of Columbia Ph.D. Student – Urban Leadership and Entrepreneurship kdunson@udc.edu

Downloads: 2
Views: 64

The Complex Realities from It's a Girl to Infertility in Marriage in Selected Texts

Ifedolapo Oladipo
Department of English and Literary Studies Lead City University Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria oladipo.ifedolapo.lcu.edu.ng

Downloads: 2
Views: 61

Effects of Health Service Delivery and Maternal Health in Rural Nigeria

Mr. Asamu, Dare A., Prof. Adenegan, Kemisola O., Dr. Oladokun, Yetunde O.M. and Mrs Adewusi Oluwatosin A.

Downloads: 2
Views: 81

Knowledge and Perceptions of Accelerated Advancement among Female Teachers in Chivi District of Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe: A Stumbling Block to Gender Equality?

Clemence Dzingirai and Prof Efiritha Chauraya

Downloads: 1
Views: 59